ZOMI KHANGTHU

(AD 1900-1980 KIKAL)

 

By J. Thang Lian Pau (2002)

 

 

 

 

 

1901

 

Lushai hills Census masa pen; mihing 82,434 omin Paite pau zang 2,870 om hi.

 

1903

 

 

Missionary School masa pen Haka-ah kiphuan.  Paite  Sintungbu  Vialphung Tombing & Rev. David E Jones. ten bawl.  Tedim ah Tan 4 Sang kiphuan.

 

1904

 

 

 

 

Dr. E.H. East-te nupa Khalkha tung.  Zomite palik tum cilna;   Zo palik kiphuan.  Sila kiphiat.  Zogamah Kawllai sang kiphuan.  Thuam Hang leh Pau Suan tui kiphum.  Lushai hills L.P. School Exam masak pen.  Khristian biakna ngeina siangtho-a kiteeng masa pen Hrangsaipuia leh Saimanliani.

1906   Lushai hills-ah Sunday School Exam neih masak pen.

1907

 

  Zogam bup Tuiphum Pawlpi khoppi masa pen Haka-ah kizang.  Zomi (Chin hills) Pastor masa pen Thuam Hang.  Manipur State Durbar kipan.
 

1910

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rev. Joseph Herbert Copte-te nupa Tedim tung.  Cope topa in Tedim, Falam laimal bawl.   Dr. J.H. Woodin-te nupa Khalkha tung.  Pau Cin Hau Pawl "Laipian' kipan.  Chin hills-ah Sila kibeisak,  Khua gamgi kibawl.   (May 7) Dr. Peter Fraser & Waatkin Robert. Manipur simah Khristian missionary-te lut kipatna, Senvon khua-ah kiphual.  Lushai hills Presbeterian Pawlpi khoppi masak pen. Aizawl Bazal kipan.

 

1911

 

  Chin hills Census; Tedim uk (Tonzang tawh) sungah mi 30,000 om. Lushai hills Census;  Mihing 98,406 om in,  Paite suan 10,460 om.
 

1913

 

 

 

Tedim pan Upper Chindwin District Civil Police-ah mi sawm-le-nga kitumsak.  Zogamah Alu, Kawltu, Singno leh a tuamtuam ciin sin kipan.   Thaangah Sumbuk kibawl.  Falam Technical School pan Leisek bawl kisin. 

  1914   Leitung Galpi khatna kipan, Tedimah Thukizakna kiphuan.
 

1914

 

 

 

 

 

Manipur gam Sinzawl khua-ah Manipur State Durbar Vice-President Aizawl gam Suprintendent leh Tedim gam Asst. superintendent-te gamgi thu kikumna nei.  Muizawl khua, Pau khen in siah a piaknop loh manin Falam gamah lal dingin kisawl.  Zomite police dinga sin uh, hoih tuaksa-in lak beh ding kivaihawm.  Haka gamah nupa amau leh amau a kithat om.

  1915   Tedim Pau tawh Lungdamna Matthai bu kikhen.
  1915-16   Halhka gamah Zusa laangin kial tung.  Mizo pau tawh Thuciamthak bupi kizo.
 

1917

 

 

 

 

 

Piancit paina leh Galpi masa. CHIN LABOUR CORPSGerman gal piang. may 25 ni-in Piantit (France) gam pai ding mi 1000 Tedim pan ding khia. Piantit paite London hawh.  Labour corps, France-ah Ukpiapa Hau Cin Khup in mi tampi paisak zo ahih manin Mikang kumpi in minphatna KSM pia.  Mi tampi Kawlpi zanggamah lal.

 

1918

 

  Leitung Galpi khatna ve'ng ta. Piantit pai nuam lo Thahdo leh Khalkha in kumpi do.  Oct. kha-in Piantit paite tung kik; 21 si, Piantit gamah kiphum.
 

1918

 

 

Tedimah military Police platoon 3, Haka ah 3, leh kapi ah 3 kikoih. Tedim Labour Corp panin mi guk in minphatna namsau ngah.

 

1919

 

 

 

 

 

  Mikang kumpi, Thahdo leh Khalkhate Hau Cin Khup in lem, kilemsak.  Zogam tawh kisai thute kikum dingin 1920 May khain Maymyo ah kikhopna om.  Assam gam tangin Lushai hills Suprintendent pai.  Chin hills-ah Sangnaupang -1,712 pha. Hau Cin khup in a tapa Pum Za Mang huhna tawh vai hoih taka a hawm manin thauka (Revolver) kumpi in pia.  Labour Corps-ah a nasepna a hoih manin Hlur Hmung in minphatna A.T.M ngah.
 

1920

 

 

  Paltan tumcilna.  Halka pau tawh Lungdamna Thu leh Sawltakte Tangthu kikhen.  Kawlgam ah suahtakna deihna khang.  Paite pau tawh Khritian la neih kipan.

1921

 

 

 

  Chin hills Census, Tedim uk (Tonzang tawh) sungah inn 5045 leh Mihing 36,048 om.  Zogamah ann hoih lo ahih manin, Lusei gamah mi tampi tak Lal, India kumpi in 4/70th Chin Rifile bawl ding phasa. Falam ah Educational Conference om a; Kawl lai pen Zolai tawh laih ding thukim.  Zopau tawh thukizakna khat kikhen.
 

1921

 

 

Kawlgamah Paltan (Galkap) kiphuan.  Vial Nang Ordination kipia; Chin hills-ah masa pen.

 

1922

 

 

 

 

Chin hills-ah kampau a tuamtuam tawh lai a kihilh manin haksatna tampi om hi.  Lai sim nading kampau khat tel a, Roman script tawh laisim bu a bawl dingin kumpi in committee phuan.   Lophei Hausa Khup Lian in minphatna thau leh laipi(Certificate) khat ngah.

 

1923

 

 

Zomi 300,000 sung panin 2,351 in lai sim thei.  Zomite lai pillo hi loin a kah kim zolo hi zaw hi.

 

1925

 

 

Zolai kisin ta.  Kawllai kiphiat Zolai kiphuan.  Dr C.U. Strait-te nupa khamtung gam tung'  Roman Catholic Biakna Mizogamah lut.

 

1928

  Chin hills-ah Chin National Union party kiphuan.
 

1930

 

  Lamka khua, Phungkhothang Guite leh Zenhang Valte ten sat. Lushai hills-ah hanmual neih kipan.
 

1931

 

 

Pa Pau Cin Hau lai tawh Mualtung thuhilhna kikhen.  Hau Za Cin Pau in Matric zo, Chin hills pan a zo masa pen.

 

1932

  Tedim pau tawh Thuciam Thak kikhen.
 

1933

 

  Zomite politics lungsim neih kipan. Chin Unity Organization kiphuankhia.  CUO in Ramgoon-a Mikang kumpi tungah deihna nam kua a nei memorandum khia.
 

1935

 

 

Falam High School kiphuan.  Young Lushai Association (1947 pan Young Mizo Association, kici kik) kiphut hi.

 

1937

 

 

Mikang kumpi in Kawlgam leh Vaigam gamgi khung in, Zogam phel nih suak.  Leitung Galpi nihna kipan.

 

1938

 

 

 

June-11 ni:  Dr. Cope Khalkha ah si.  U Shiah Lwe in B.A zo, Chin hills-ah a masa pen. Lam Za Hang (Tedim) in Mawtaw nei, Chin hills-ah a masa pen.  Mikang a do Zomi makai Pu Suang Khaw Kam, Magwe khuapi-ah si.

 

1939

  Rev. F.O. Nelson-te nupa Tedim tung.  CUO makai teng kiman, thongah khum.

1940

 

 

Paite pau tawh Laisiangthou bumal masak pen - Tanchinhoih Johan, Rev. Nengzachin in tei hi.  Halkha pau tawh Thuciam Thak kikhen.

 

1942

 

 

 

 

 

 

August: Japan ten Zogam leitang tung.  Japan galkap 75,000 Kalgam lut. Kawlgam galkap 402,300 India-ah tai.   Chin Army kiphuan. Leisan mualah thau zang loin temtawng tawh kido, Japante 150 liam, tampi si. Chin hills-ah  Mikang huhna tawh Japan gal a nang dingin CHIN LEVY kiphuan.  Japan huhna tawh Mikangte do dingin CHIN DEFENCE ARMY (CDA) kiphut.  Paite pau tawh Khristian Labu neih kipan. 

1943

 

Tedim, Halkha, Falam Japan in la.
 

1944

 

 

 

March: Japante Moirang tung, Imphal gal muh.  Feb. Mar. Apr. sungin Arakan gamah Japante 5000 kithat.  Sukte Independent Army (SIA) kiphuan.  Japante nungkik, 50,000 val si. 

 

1945

 

 

Galpi Nihan vengh. UNO kiphuan. R. Tuang Hmung in Chin Rural and Education Uplift Society phuan.

 

1946

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rev. R.G. Johnson-te nupa Khalkha tung.  S.T. Hau Go in M.A (Madras) zo;  Chin hills pan a masa pen.  Khamtung Suahtak Vaihawm Pawlpi party kiphuan.  makai:  Pu Thang Kho Kai, Pu Song Theu, Pu Thang Za Kai, Pu Lang Khaw Thang.  Thuhoih Vaihawm Pawlpi party kiphuan.  Makaite -- Pu Vungh Za Kham, Pu Hau Za Lian, Pu Tuah Langh.  Kawlmi ten suahtakna lak a sawmna tawh kituaka khamtungmite kalsuan dan ding a vaan dingin Zomi, Shan, Kachin ten The Supreme Council of The United Hill People (SCOUHP) cih kipawlna bawl.  Kawlmi makai Aung San in suahtakna ngen dingin England gam zin.  Mualtung mite thukimna keng lo ahih manin tangtung zo lo. Lushai hills-a political party masa pen Mizo Union kiphut hi.

 

1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chin-Burma Unity Pillar, Htilin khua-ah kiphut.  Panglong Conference-ah Kawlmite tawh suahtakna la kawm dingin thukimna khutpimai meekna kibawl;  Chin hills taangin Pu Thawng Za Khup, Pu Hrul Mung leh Pu Kio Mangte pai. Kawlgamah Constituent Assembly kiteelna kibawl; KSVP pan Pu Mang Tung Nung leh CNU pan Pu Vumthumaungte kihel. Gen. Aung San makaihna tawh Kawlgam Constitution Drafting Committee kibawl; Zomite tangin Pu Mang Tung Nung leh Pu Savut kihel.   Tedimah High School kiphuan. THUKITUAHNA cih thukizakna kipan. Zo Education Board kiphuan. Tedim ah Lai Siangtho Sang kiphuan. R. Tuang Hmung in Falam Chin hills D.C. seem.   Siamsinpawlpi (SSPP) January 13 niin Suangpi khua-ah kiphut.  President mapa pen Dr. Liankham Samte.  Mizoramah Kawlgam tawh kigawm a ut pawl - United Mizo Freedom Organisation (UMFO) kiphut hi. Manipur State Hill Peoples (Administration) Regulation Act kibawl.

 

1948

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

January4: Kawlgam in suahtakna ngah.  Kawlgam in suahtakna ngah in, Chin Special Division in Union of Burma ah State tawh a kizakim phialin thuneihna nei.  ZBC sungah TBA, FBA, HBA kiphuan.  Zo zum (Chin Affair Council) Rangoon-ah kiphuan. Hill Chin Students' Union Rangoonah kiphuan.  Zogam ukpi ten mipi deihna zuiin ukpi za nusia uh.  January 22: Kawlgam Prime Minister zum thukikupna-ah Pu Mang Tung Nung in, Zogam sunga Chin Hill Regulation Acts thukhun zui-a ki-ukna tawh kisai, mipi’ deihna kan ding a kisapna thu sung.  1948 kum : February 5: Hih thukhun zuia ukpi ki-ukna, mipi’ ngaihsutna a kan ding committee kibawl.   Capt. Mang Tung Nung in CHIN PEOPLE’S FREEDOM LEAGUE (CPFL) phut. Mizoram ah political party masa pen Mizo Union kiphut hi.

1949

 

 

June 27:   Paite National Council, Tangnuam khua-ah kiphut.  President masa pen Pu T. Thangkhai.  Manipur, Indian Union tawh kigawm.

 

1950

 

 

 

 

Lushai hills-ah Paite Federation kiphut. CBCNEI(Council of Baptist Churches in North East India)   kiphuan. Sia S.T. Hau Go in MRE, Colgate Rochester Theological College, USA pan zo.  Paite pau tawh Thukhun Thak leh Sam bu, Rev .Nengzachin in tei zo.

 

1951

  Falam pau tawh Thuciam Thak kikhen.  K.T.P. (Khristian Thalai pawl) kiphut.
 

1952

 

 

ZBC (Zomi Baptist Convention) kiphuan. LUNGVAKNA cih thukizakna kiphuan. Hill Chin Students' Union Magazine kikhen.  Mizo District Council  kipan.

 

1953

 

 

 

Falam Theological School kiphuan.  April 1:  Aizawl leh Lunglei Mawtaw Lampi kihong. March 3:  Lamka-ah Young Paite Association (YPA) kiphut. President masa pen Pu T.  Vungsiam.

 

1954

 

 

C.K. Taikwel in M.Sc. (USA) zo, Chin hills pan masa pen.  Lushai Hills pen Mizo District ci-in kikhek hi.  Mizoramah sila kiphiat hi.

 

1955

  VumKhaw Hau in Ambassador ngah.  Khamtungmi masa pen.
 

1956

  Manipur Villages Authority in the Hill Area Act kibawl.
 

1957

 

 

CNU leh CPFL kigawmin CHIN NATIONAL ORGANISATION (CNO) ci;  Capt.  Mang Tung Nung in President len.

 

1958

 

 

BCM (Baptist church of Manipur) kiphuan. Sia Kam Khaw Thang in B. Th. zo. Chin Liberation Army, Pu Tun kho Pum Baite in phut.

 

1960

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Cope Golden Jubilee Tedimah kizang.  Churachanpur Baptist Association Kiphuan.  May 30:  PNC President Pu T. Goukhenpau leh Secretary Pu S. Vung Khomte makaihna tawh India Prime Minister Pu Pandit Jawaharal Nehru kiangah ‘Re-unification of Chin People of India and Burma under one country’ cih thulu zangin Zo minam khempeuh ading District hiam, Division hiam, Region hiam khat bawlsak a, tua sungah gawmkhawm dingin ngetna memorandum khia.  Manipur Land revenue & Land Reform Act kibawl.

 

1961

 

Mizoramah Congress party leh Mizo National Front (MNF) kiphut hi. 

 

1962

 

 

 

Chin Affair Council pen Chin Supreme Council ciin kikhak. Kawlgamah Socialist Kumpi kiphuan.  Mizoramah Paite National Council (PNC) Pu Khan Cin makaihna tawh kiphut hi. 

 

1963

 

 

Aizawl-a Electric zat kipan.  December 11:  India Kumpi in Manipur, Paite mite 'Scheduled Tribe'  lakah  guang. 

 

1964

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mizo District MLA bye-election-ah MNF leh PNC pangkhawm.  Khritian Thukizakna (EBC, Manipur) kipan.  Kawlgamah  ANTI-COMMUNIST FREEDOM ORGANISATION (ACFO) pawl kiphut in, Lt. Col. Son Khaw Pau, Pu Dam Khaw Hau, Pu Mang Khan Pau, Pu Hrang Nawl, Pu Son Cin Lian leh Pu Tual Zen ten makaih hi.   ACFO pawl pen Manipur-a Zomi makai Tun Khaw Pum tawh kikopin,  Zo Kumpi - UNITED CHIN GOVERNMENT pawl phuan uh hi.  Pu Tun Khaw Pum pen Prime Minister, Pu Col. Son Khaw Pau pen Defense Minister, Pu Hrang Nawl pen Foreign Minister.

 

1965

 

 

 

 

PNC HQ in Sialkaltang, Paite Regional Council ngetna memorandum kumpi tungah khia.  Mizo District, Deputy Commissioner Pu K. Saigal IAS in Sialkaltang dung pha.  MNF in India kumpi tungah Independent ngetna memorandum tun. Tedim & Tonzang uk sungah inn 10,649 leh mihing 84,553 om.

 

1966

 

 

 

 

March 1:   MNF in Mizoram Independent puangin Mizoram buai kipan.  Kumpi in Mikang missionary-te om a phal nawn loh manin Missionary-te ciah. Paite Regional Council ngetna tawh kisai in PNC leh Pataskar Commission-te Aizawlah kiho.  Chin National Organisation pen Zomi National Front ciin kikhek.

 

1968

 

Dawt Sung in M.A. zo; Chin hills pan numei masa pen. 

 

1969

 

 

 

UNITED CHIN GOVERNMENT makai Col. Son Khaw Pau, Pu Hrang Nawl, Pu Dam Khaw Hau, Pu Ro Thangte kimanin Kawlgam kumpi tungah ki-ap.  Pu John Mang Tlingte makaihna tawh CHIN DEMOCRACY PARTY (CDP) kiphut. 

 

1970

  Paite pau tawh Laisiangthou buppi kizo.
 

1971

  Manipur Hill Area District Council Act kibawl.
 

1972

 

 

 

Mizoram in U.T (Union Territory) ngah.  Manipur in State ngah.  January 21: Manipur, Daizang khua-ah Zomi National Congres (ZNC) kiphut.  President masa pen Pu T. Gougin leh Secretary Pu S. Thangkhangin Ngaihte.

 

1973

  Evangelical Convention Church (ECC) Lamka, kipan.
 

1974

 

 

January 3:  Chin Hills in Chin State ngah. Dr. Vum Khaw Hau in Ph.D. ngah. Chin State-ah biakna lam khanlawhna tung.

 

1975

 

 

Zolai kum 50 cin'na pawi Tlangnuamah kizang.  Zolai kum 50 cin'na Magazine kikhen.   Mizoram-ah People's Conference Party (Tun MPC) piang.

 

1976

  LUNGDAMNA AW kiphuan.
 

1977

 

 

 

 

Tedim Lai Siangtho kizo.  Kawlgam galkapte leh CNA (Khaimulen)te Vangteh leh Saizang kiim tengah nakpi takin kikap.  CNA-te mi 60 Vangteh khua, Mah-Sah-Lah (Burma Socialist Programme Party) thuneite kiangah ki-surendar, kikaplum veve.  Mi 46, Kalemyo Jail-ah kipuak. mi 4 liam.

 

1980

 

 

April 10: Teikhang khua-ah Paite nam makaite kikaikhawm in, Mizoram Paite Organisation (MPO) kipawlna phut.  Pu Thangzakap, President masa pen.

     

 

 

Laibu etkakte:

1.  Zolus No. 4-na, 1999, Yangon

2.  Zo Aw Thukizakna, April-June 1986 & Oct-Dec Issue. 1986, Guwahati.

3.  Chin Baptist Association Silver Jubilee (1961-1986) Souvenir, Lamka

4.  Mizo Chanchin by B. Lalthangliana, 2001, Aizawl

5.  Siamsinpawl Annual Magazine ( Golden Jubilee Special Issue), 1996, Lamka.

6.  Zolawkta Thukizakna Kum Thum Cinna (1994-1997), Aizawl.

8.  Zomi Innkuan Laibu, 1972, Tedim

7.  www.zolawkta.com