Mizoram Accord, 1986
[Memorandum of Settlement]
Government of India have all along been making earnest effort to
bring about an end to the disturbed condition in Mizoram and to
restore peace and harmony.
Toward this end, initiative was taken by the late Prime Minister Smt.
Indira Gandhi on the acceptance by Shri Laldenga on behalf of the
Mizo National Front (MNF) of the two conditions, namely, cessation
of violence by MNF and to hold talks within the framework of the
Constitution. A series of discussions were held with Shri Laldenga.
Settlement on various issues reached during the course of talks is
incorporated in the following paragraphs.
Restoratoin of Normalcy
With a view to restoring peace and normalcy in Mizoram, the MNF
Party, in their part undertake within the agreed time-frame, to
bring out all underground personnel of the MNF with their arms,
ammunitions, and equipments, to ensure their return to civil life,
to abjure violence and generally to help in the process of
restoration of normalcy. The modalities of bringing out all
underground personnel and the deposit of arms, ammunitions and
equipments will be as worked out. The implementation of the
foregoing will be under the supervision of the Central Government.
The MNF party will take immediate steps to amend its articles of
Association so as to make them conform to the provision of Law.
The Central Government will take steps for the settlement and
rehabilitation of underground after considering the scheme proposed
in this regard by the Government of Mizoram.
The MNF will not undertake to extend any support to the Tripura
National Volunteer (TNV), Peoplesí Liberation Army of Manipur (PLA)
and any other such group by way of training, supply of arms of
providing protection or in any other matters.
Legal Administrative and Other Steps
With a view to satisfying the desires and aspirations of all
sections of the people of Mizoram, the Government will initiate
measures to confer Statehood on the Union Territory of Mizoram
subject to the other stipulation contained in this Memorandum of
To give effect to the above, the necessary legislative and
administrative measures will be undertaken, including those for the
enactment of Bills for the amendment of the Constitution and other
laws for the conferment of Statehood as aforesaid, to come into
effect on a date to be notified by the Central Government.
The amendment aforesaid shall provide, among other things, for the
The territory of Mizoram shall consist of the territory specified in
Section 6 of the North Eastern Areas (Reorganization) Act, 1971.
Notwithstanding anything contained in the Constitution, no act of
Parliament in respect of (a) Religion or Social practices of the
Mizos, (b) Mizo customary Law or procedure, (c) Administration of
Civil and Criminal Justice involving decisions according to Mizo
customary Law, (d) Ownership and transfer of land, shall apply to
the State of Mizoran unless the Legislative Assembly of Mizoram by a
resolution so decides.
Provided that nothing in this Clause shall apply to any Central Act
in force in Mizoram immediately before the appointed day.
Article 170 Clause (1) shall, in relation to Legislative Assembly of
Mizoram, have effect as if for the word sixty the word forty has
Soon after the Bill of Conferment of Statehood becomes law, and when
the President is satisfied that normalcy has returned and that
conditions are conducive to the holding of free and fair elections,
elections to the Legislative Assembly will be initiated.
(a) The centre will transfer resource to the new Government keeping
in view the change in Status from a Union Territory to a State and
will include resources to cover the revenue gap for the year.
(b) Central assistance for Plan will be fixed taking note of any
residuary gap in resources so as to sustain the approved plan outlay
and the pattern of assistance will be as in the case of Special
Border trade in local produced or grown agriculture commodities
could be allowed under a scheme to be formulated by the Central
Government, subject to international arrangement with neighbouring
The Innerline Regulatoin, as now in force in Mizoram, will not be
amended or repealed without consulting the State Government.
The rights and privileges of the minorities in Mizoram as envisaged
in the constitution, shall continue to be preserved and protected
and their social and economic advancement shall be ensured.
Steps will be taken by the Government of Mizoram at the earliest to
review and codify the existing customs, pratices, law or other
usages relating to the matters specified in Clauses (a) to (b) of
para 4.3 (II) of the memorandum, keeping in view that an individual
Mizo may prefer to be governed by Acts of Parliament dealing with
such matters and which are of general application.
The question of Unification of Mizo inhabited areas of other States
to form one administrative unit was raised by the MNF delegation. It
was pointed out to them, on behalf of the Government of India, that
Article 3 of the Constitution of India describes the procedure in
this regard but that the Government cannot make any commitment in
It was also pointed out on behalf of the Government that as soon as
Mizoram becomes a State:
The Provisions of Part XVII of the Provision of the Constitution
will apply and the State will be liberty to adopt any one or more
language to be used for all or any of the official purposes of the
It is open to the State to move the establishment of the separate
University in the State in accordance with the prescribed procedure.
In the light of the Prime Ministerís Statement at the Joint
Conference of the Chief Justices, Chief Minister and Law Ministers
held at New Delhi on 31st August, 1985 Mizoram will be entitled to
have a High Court of its own if it so wishes.
(a)It was noted that there is already a scheme in force for payment
of exgratia amount to heirs/dependants of persons who were killed
during disturbances in 1966 and thereafter in the Union Territory of
Mizoram. Arrangement will be made to expeditiously disburse payment
to those eligible persons who have already applied but who had not
been made such payment so far.
It was noted that consequence on verification done by a joint team
of officers, the Government of India had already made arrangement
for payment of compensation in respect of damage to crop: building
destroyed/damaged during the action in Mizoram, and rented charges
of building and land occupied by security force. There may, however,
be some claim which were referred and verified by the above team but
is not yet settled expeditiously. Arrangement will also be made for
payment of pending claim of rented charges or land/building occupied
by the security forces.
Government of India.
On behalf of
Mizo National Front.
Government of Mizoram
Dated: 30th June, 1986.
Place: New Delhi